When building in Dark, you are able to create five major backend components, called handlers:
- API Endpoints (REST)
- Background workers (with built in event/queue system)
- Scheduled jobs/cron
- Persistent Datastores (key-value/hash-map)
- REPLs (internal tools)
These components live on your canvas. They are created from the sidebar, or by
Cmd/Ctrl-k to bring up the omnibox.
Dark code is meant to be written in these handlers. We always recommend writing
code within these components, and then extracting that code into a function,
Cmd/Ctrl-\, as needed. Code written in Dark is expression based, and as
you add an expression it will automatically create blanks for the parameters it
takes. If you delete an expression, the parameters will also be removed.
These components do not require you to set up any additional infrastructure or deployment processes. As soon as you create them, they’re available and update as you write code (deployless). Each handler is of one of these types, and has a name as well as additional information. You can see examples of each component here.
All of these components support core Dark functionality:
- Trace data & live values (see: Trace Driven Development).
- Implicit returns & pipelines (see: Functional Aspects of Dark).
- Autocomplete (i.e. typing DB::) will return all the datastore functions. This also works by type.
More on each type is below, but we recommend continuing to Trace Driven Development and coming back when you are creating an endpoint.
In Dark, your backend components appear in the browser, on a canvas. These are at: https://darklang.com/a/username or https://darklang.com/a/username-canvasname. We intend for you to only have one canvas per company or entirely separate project. You can create any canvas by navigating to it.
Your endpoints would appear at: https://username-canvasname.builtwithdark.com/route (we can help you set up DNS if you want another domain to point at your canvas).
You can navigate the canvas via the left-hand sidebar, or via the omnibox
REST API Endpoints
- If you hit an endpoint that does not exist (see: Trace Driven Development), the endpoint will appear in the 404 section.
- Support the standard REST protocols (GET, POST, PATCH, DELETE, PUT).
- Accept URL parameters (ex: /profile/:username) and appear as variables within the handler.
- Have implicit returns (see: Functional Aspects of Dark), and return JSON by default.
- All traces are available as dots on the left hand side. If you do not have a trace selected, you will see a spinner for all live values.
- Workers receive events via the emit expression, and will appear in the 404 section if you emit to a non-existent worker.
- Run asynchronously and retry in case of failure.
- Runs on a given schedule, selected by developer (every minute, hour, week, etc).
- Is triggered only by the developer and frequently relies on play buttons (see Trace Driven Development).
In Dark, all datastores are a key-value store - a persistent hash-map/dictionary (not a relational database). When looking at a Datastore you’ll see all handlers that call the datastore.
If you delete a handler, we save that code for you in the Deleted section of your canvas. Everything you delete is sorted by type, and will remain in that section until you remove it.